Did Beijing 1995 Make any Real Difference for Women? What else do we need to do? Jayati Ghosh

“More of the same will not do.” That’s the important takeaway from the new report “Progress of the World’s Women 2015” from UN Women. Twenty years ago, the Beijing Summit of the UN was seen as a pathbreaking attempt to bring about major improvements in the conditions of women across the world. But did it really make much difference? What has actually changed in terms of gender disparities? And what can we do to make sure that this time around – as the international community contemplates new global goals for sustainable development – there will be genuine and transformative progress…

Ashis Nandy and the Vicissitudes of the Self: Critique, subjectivity and Indian civilization Jose Mauricio Domingues

Critical analysis of Ashis Nandy’s work shows that several concepts that he endeavoured to develop offer interesting instruments for contemporary social sciences. Ashis_Nandy (Download the full text in PDF format) (This article was orignially published in Portuguese, entitled  “Ashis Nandy e as vicissitudes do self. Crítica, subjetividade e civilização indiana”, in Mana, vol. 16, 2010 (pp. 31-58).)

World Development Report 2012: Gender equality and development – an opportunity both welcome and missed (an extended commentary) Shahra Razavi

That the World Bank has devoted its 2012 flagship publication to the topic of gender equality is a welcome opportunity for widening the intellectual space. However, it is also a missed opportunity. By failing to engage seriously with the gender biases of macroeconomic policy agendas that define contemporary globalisation, the report is unable to provide a credible and even-handed analysis of the challenges that confront gender equality in the 21st century. world_development (Download the full text in PDF format) (This article was originally published by United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD).)

Migration and Gender Empowerment: Recent trends and emerging issues Jayati Ghosh

This paper attempts to study the issue of women migrant labours as women today form a significant section of national and international migrant. The process of migration, and how that can be gender-differentiated, is discussed with particular reference to the various types of female migration that are common: marriage migration, family migration, forced migration, migration for work. These can be further disaggregated into legal and irregular migration, all of which affect and the issues and problems of women migrants in the process of migration and in the destination country. migration (Download the full text in PDF format)

Gender Inequality in a Globalizing World Stephanie Seguino

Emphasis on market-friendly contractionary macroeconomic policies in recent years has done little to promote greater gender equality even in the case of the managed-market approaches adopted by the East Asian late industrialisers. This paper therefore argues that gender equitable expansionary macroeconomic and development policies are required, including financial market regulation, regulation of trade and investment flows, and gender-sensitive public sector spending. gender_inequality (Download the full text in PDF format)

Informalisation and Women’s Workforce Participation: A consideration of recent trends in Asia Jayati Ghosh

The process of feminisation of export employment that has occurred in developing Asia since the early 1980s and which peaked in the early 1990s, has since begun to recede. External competitive pressures are creating tendencies for more exploitative and volatile use of all labour, including women’s labour. This paper argues that these trends have to be counteracted with pro-active countercyclical government spending policies. informalisation (Download the full text in PDF format)

International Financial Architecture: A view from the kitchen Diane Elson

This paper discusses the issues of better integration of social and economic policy; greater transparency and accountability in the governance of finance; and the construction of a new reformed international financial architecture from a gender perspective, with a particular concern for the implications for poor women living in the South. architecture (Download the full text in PDF format)

Accounting for Asian Economic Growth: Adding gender to the equation Stephanie Seguino

Absent from the important debate on the determinants of rapid Asian growth is the role of gender inequality. This paper argues that gender wage inequality has stimulated growth, with Asian economies that disadvantaged women the most growing the fastest from 1975 to 1990. Low female wages have spurred investment and exports by lowering unit labor costs, providing the foreign exchange to purchase capital and intermediate goods which raise productivity and growth rates. These results contrast with recent studies that argue income equality at the household level contributed favorably to Asian growth by reducing political conflict. gender_equation (Download the full text…

Gender, Quality of Life, and Growth in Asia 1970 to 1990 Stephanie Seguino

This paper examines the gender distribution of the benefits of economic growth in several Asian economies from 1970-90. Using Borda rank ordering, we compare the progress made in these countries towards closing the gender gap in well-being. In addition to commonly-used indicators, trends in the ratio of females to males in the population are examined. We explore determinants of changes in this ratio, using regression analysis. life_growth_asia (Download the full text in PDF format)