Informalisation and Women’s Workforce Participation: A consideration of recent trends in Asia Jayati Ghosh

The process of feminisation of export employment that has occurred in developing Asia since the early 1980s and which peaked in the early 1990s, has since begun to recede. External competitive pressures are creating tendencies for more exploitative and volatile use of all labour, including women’s labour. This paper argues that these trends have to be counteracted with pro-active countercyclical government spending policies. informalisation (Download the full text in PDF format)

International Financial Architecture: A view from the kitchen Diane Elson

This paper discusses the issues of better integration of social and economic policy; greater transparency and accountability in the governance of finance; and the construction of a new reformed international financial architecture from a gender perspective, with a particular concern for the implications for poor women living in the South. architecture (Download the full text in PDF format)

Human Development Report 2003: Flatters to deceive Sabyasachi Mitra

The recently published Human Development Report 2003 (HDR 2003) stresses the need for countries, both developed and developing, to play their roles in order to meet the Millennium Development Goals adopted at the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000 and in the process end poverty. In fact this report has more credence than the World Development Report, brought out by the World Bank. The HDR, an annual ritual of the UNDP, appears to have a focus oriented towards improving the condition of the world's population, especially in developing countries. However, its adherence to the belief that globalization, the way it…

Accounting for Asian Economic Growth: Adding gender to the equation Stephanie Seguino

Absent from the important debate on the determinants of rapid Asian growth is the role of gender inequality. This paper argues that gender wage inequality has stimulated growth, with Asian economies that disadvantaged women the most growing the fastest from 1975 to 1990. Low female wages have spurred investment and exports by lowering unit labor costs, providing the foreign exchange to purchase capital and intermediate goods which raise productivity and growth rates. These results contrast with recent studies that argue income equality at the household level contributed favorably to Asian growth by reducing political conflict. gender_equation (Download the full text…

Gender, Quality of Life, and Growth in Asia 1970 to 1990 Stephanie Seguino

This paper examines the gender distribution of the benefits of economic growth in several Asian economies from 1970-90. Using Borda rank ordering, we compare the progress made in these countries towards closing the gender gap in well-being. In addition to commonly-used indicators, trends in the ratio of females to males in the population are examined. We explore determinants of changes in this ratio, using regression analysis. life_growth_asia (Download the full text in PDF format)

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