Provincial Migration in China: Preliminary insights from the 2010 population census Andrew M. Fischer

In anticipation of the forthcoming release of the 2010 national population census of China, this paper compares the limited population data that have been released so far with annual data on natural population increase since the 2000 census in order to construct a rough but robust measure of net migration for each province in China between these two censuses. The results emphasise the extent of net out-migration from much of interior and western China as well as the degree to which rapid population growth in five coastal growth poles has been due to net in-migration. provincial_migration (Download the full text…

Affordable Medicine: A big step forward C.P. Chandrasekhar

India’s long struggle to ensure access to affordable medicines for its people recently took a positive and interesting turn. In early March 2012, just before he demitted office, Controller of Patents P. H. Kurien passed an order on an application filed by Hyderabad headquartered Natco Pharma requesting a license to produce a cancer drug (Sorafenib  Tosylate), the patent for which is held by German pharmaceuticals and chemicals giant Bayer. Bayer produces and markets the drug under the brand name Nexavar, which is used in the treatment of patients diagnosed as being in the advanced stages of affliction with liver or…

Statement by Former Staff Members of UNCTAD: Silencing the message or the messenger …. or both? Geneva, 11 April 2012

Since its establishment almost 50 years ago at the instigation of developing countries UNCTAD has always been a thorn in the flesh of economic orthodoxy. Its analyses of global macro-economic issues from a development perspective have regularly provided an alternative view to that offered by the World Bank and the IMF controlled by the west. Now efforts are afoot to silence that voice. It might be understandable if this analysis was being eliminated because it duplicated the work and views of other international organisations, but the opposite is the case - a few countries want to suppress any dissent with…

Financial Architectures and Development: Resilience, policy space, and human development in the global south Ilene Grabel

In this paper it is argued that the current crisis is proving to be productive of institutional experimentation in the realm of financial architecture(s) in the developing world. The author argues that today there are numerous opportunities for policy and institutional experimentation, and there are clear signs that these opportunities are being exploited in a variety of distinct ways. As compared to any other moment over the last several decades, there are clear signs of fissures, realignments and institutional changes in the structures of financial governance across the global South. financial_architectures (Download the full text in PDF format)

Beyond GDP: Measuring our progress Charles Seaford, Sorcha Mahoney, Mathis Wackernagel, Joy Larson and Rene Ramirez Gallegos

It is now widely accepted that one must move beyond viewing GDP as the critical measure of a nation’s progress and recognise it for what it is – a measure of economic exchange, which is itself a means to an end; the ‘end’ being the achievement of ‘sustainable well-being’.  In this paper, the authors focus on ways of measuring environmental sustainability and well-being, as well as offering a view from the global South which entails measures of both of these. Beyond_GDP  (Download the full text in PDF format) (This paper was originally published in ''The Global Transition 2012: Earth Summit…

Austerity Measures Threaten Children and Poor Households : Recent Evidence in Public Expenditures from 128 Developing Countries Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai and Matthew Cummins

In the wake of the food, fuel and financial shocks, a fourth wave of the global economic crisis began in 2010, viz., fiscal austerity. Updating earlier research by UNICEF, this working paper examines the latest IMF government spending projections for 128 developing countries, comparing the three periods of 2005-07 (pre-crisis), 2008-09 (fiscal expansion) and 2010-12 (fiscal contraction). It discusses the possible risks of the adjustment measures for social expenditures and summarises a series of alternative policy options. poor_households (Download the full text in PDF format)

The Consequences of Increasing Access To Education Jayati Ghosh

Globally, there has been some good news on the education front over the past decade. Across the world, literacy rates have gone up, school enrolment rates have risen and dropout rates have fallen. Much of the improvement has taken place in the regions that most needed it, relatively low-income countries that previously had very poor enrolment ratios. And the improvements in educational outcomes have been particularly marked for girls and young women; gender gaps have fallen, and in some regions have even reversed. We can point out that such improvements are still nowhere near adequate, but that does not take…

Measuring the Progress of Societies: A Mexican perspective Alicia Puyana

The author delves into the concept of progress and development; how the definitions have changed over changing global paradigms, how the subject of economics itself has witnessed reinterpretations etc. The article is written in the context of the experiences of Mexico over the last 50 years. Measuring_Progress_Societies  (Download the full text in PDF format)

Prioritizing Expenditures for a Recovery for All Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai, Mathew Cummins, Gabriel Vergara

This UNICEF paper examines government expenditure projections for 126 low and middle income countries and their potential implications for children and poor households during the ongoing fragile economic recovery. While recognizing the importance of macroeconomic stability, the paper questions if the projected fiscal adjustment trajectory in a number of countries is conducive to the objective of protecting vulnerable households and the achievement of development goals such as the MDGs. (Financing options for pro-poor social spending are also explored). unicef (Download the full text in PDF format)