Economic Integration and Free Mobility of Labour Prabhat Patnaik

There is a view that the discontent among the English workers that caused the Brexit vote was not because of European economic integration as such, but because of the policy of free internal migration that has accompanied this integration; that if Europe had not enacted free migration within the EU, then its economic integration would have been more successful. Its economic integration then would have remained confined to the free movement of goods and capital alone but not of labour, and that such free movement, i.e. of goods and capital alone, is beneficial for the countries being economically integrated. The…

Hidden Hunger, Hidden Danger Jomo Kwame Sundaram

The latest estimates are that over two billion people in the world suffer some micronutrient deficiencies, often referred to as ‘hidden hunger’. The main sustainable solution is to ensure adequate public health interventions, including clean water, sanitation and hygiene as well as healthy, diverse diets for all. In the short term, however, it will be necessary to provide supplements of vitamins, minerals and trace elements to those especially vulnerable, e.g. due to displacement and emergency situations. There is a general consensus that such needs of pregnant and lactating mothers should be especially prioritized due to the intergenerational consequences of child…

Giving Water Workers their Due Jayati Ghosh

It is hardly necessary to state how essential water is for our survival and quality of existence, for economic activity, and so on. Indeed, this has now become a policy issue of some import. It is not just that drinking water and sanitation are recognized to be absolutely critical areas of public intervention. There is much talk about the importance of managing water systems and ensuring sustainable patterns of use. There are concerns about over-exploitation, pollution, degradation and even destruction of water sources. There is also greater recognition of the growing importance of the distributive politics around water: cross-border tangles…

Hillary Clinton’s Morally Superior Speech in Africa was Deluded Jayati Ghosh

Reports on Hillary Clinton's trip to Africa describe her as warning African leaders about co-operation with countries that want to exploit the continent's resources. In the pious and slightly smug tone that people in Africa – and, indeed, the rest of the developing world – are only too used to hearing from North Atlantic leaders, Clinton apparently went on to say the US would stand up for democracy and universal human rights "even when it might be easier or more profitable to look the other way, to keep the resources flowing … Not every partner makes that choice, but we…

Imperialism and its Follies Prabhat Patnaik

Soon after the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in Manhattan had come down ten years ago, a meeting of top US officials was held, where Condoleeza Rice reportedly posed the question: how can we make use of this tragedy? The concern was neither with the tragedy itself, nor even with bringing its perpetrators to justice; it was with utilizing the opportunity provided by it for furthering US ''interests''. And such utilization, it was mooted at that meeting, could best be done through an invasion of Iraq. Even though Saddam Husain's hostility to the al-Qaeda was well-known, and even…

Grabbing Global Farmland Jayati Ghosh

An extraordinary new process has been at work in the past few years: the aggressive entry of Indian corporations into the markets for agricultural land in Africa. At one level, this process is simply following the hoary old tradition in global capitalism, of firms (often supported by the governments of the originating countries) entering new areas in search of access to natural resources on preferential terms. Several centuries ago, the growth of plantation agriculture in large parts of the western hemisphere was essentially the product of such a process. This was further facilitated by cross-border movements of labour (in the…

India’s Role in the New Global Farmland Grab: An examination of the role of the Indian government and Indian companies engaged in overseas agricultural land acquisitions in developing countries Rick Rowden

This report explores the role of Indian agricultural companies that have been involved in the recent trend in large-scale overseas acquisitions of farmland. In addition to examining the various factors driving the “outsourcing” of domestic food production, the report also explores the negative consequences of such a trend. It looks at why critics have called the trend “land grabbing” and reviews the impacts on local peoples on the ground, who are often displaced in the process. india_role (Download the full text in PDF format)

China’s African Hinterland C.P. Chandrasekhar and Jayati Ghosh

China’s growing presence in Africa has led to arguments that the country is seeking to meet its growing requirements of primary products, including oil, by building a relationship reminiscent of a colonial past with many African countries. In this article, the authors examine what the evidence reveals about this relationship. China_Hinterland (Download the full text in PDF format)

Climate Change and its Implications: Which way now? Praveen Jha

The impact of climate change on the world of today and the future is undeniable. Stipulated emission reduction targets for developed countries are still too modest under the Kyoto Protocol and the US, the world’s largest polluter remains outside the agreement. The scientific community warns that a global coordinated response with participation of the major emitters and rapidly growing economies of China and India is the only way forward to avoid the worse predicted effects of global warming. This paper reviews the debates and attempts to trace the path to the future. climate_change (Download the full text in PDF format)

Water Tensions and Water Conflicts:’Merchandising Water’, the Catalyst Mohan G Francis

Water tensions and water conflicts are increasing with the rapid conversion of water from a fundamental right and necessity for survival to a product of profit in the market. The potential for merchandising water is enormous, and thereby the potential for water tensions and water conflicts, with only 5 % of the world's population currently getting its water from water corporations.  Water_Tensions_Conflicts (Download the full text in PDF format)