The UGC Directive on Autonomous Colleges Prabhat Patnaik

Higher education in India is facing a twin danger today. One is its commoditization, by which is meant not just the fact that higher education itself is becoming a commodity but also that the products of higher education, i.e. those in whom higher education is “embodied”, are also becoming commodities, in the sense of simply having their worth assessed both by themselves and by others in terms equivalence to a certain sum of money, the amount that they can command on the market. Commoditization makes the products of higher education self-centred individuals without any social sensitivity, and prepares them only…

The Destruction of a University Jayati Ghosh

For more than two years now, Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi has been in a state of turmoil. There is reason to conclude that this turmoil is no accident: it is the result of a set of decisions imposed from above that appear to be aimed at undermining the fundamental nature of this university and all that it has stood for. The fact that these decisions and actions are being adopted by those supposedly in charge of protecting and nurturing this institution - the Vice Chancellor since January 2016 and the administration that he has appointed - is particularly alarming.…

Public Research Universities in Latin America and their Relation to Economic Development Juan Carlos Moreno-Bridand Pablo Ruiz-Nápoles

This paper argues that strengthening Latin Americas´ public universities, and in general institutions of higher learning and research, is a key requirement to build the competitive productive structure that may trigger and sustain a long-term economic expansion. Without it Latin America will not keep pace with advances in science and technology, and have the capacity to adapt them to finally succeed in its yet quest for economic development. The paper explores the channels through which public research universities favor economic growth in Latin America, and how this system can be widened, made more efficient, and effectively used in the promotion…

Expenditure on Education in India: A Short Note Subhanil Chowdhury and Prasenjit Bose

The importance of education in economic development is accepted across the ideological divide in economic theory and policymaking. However, both the recent phase of market oriented reforms in India and the earlier phase of state led development planning have failed to ensure access to basic education for the masses. The UPA government has to make a decisive break from its predecessor and mobilize adequate resources for universal elementary education through taxation of the rich and privileged. Expenditure_Education_India (Download the full text in PDF format)