Electronic Commerce and the WTO: The Changing Contours of Engagement Biswajit Dhar

Electronic Commerce (e-commerce) has emerged as a key issue in the run-up to the 11th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to be held in Buenos Aires in December 2017. A number of countries across the development spectrum have backed inclusion of e-commerce in the WTO. Although the nature of disciplines that these countries favour is not entirely clear, yet the proposals strongly suggest that they would prefer using e-commerce as a vehicle for trade liberalisation in goods and services. Electronic_Commerce _WTO¬† (Download the full text in PDF format) (This article was originally posted in Madhyam.org.in on November…

Is NAMA a Tool of Development? or Another Manifestation of Asymmetries in WTO Rules? Mehdi Shafaeddin

This brief argues that the collapse of the talks in the Doha Round actually arises because of fundamental reasons related to the contradictions in design and implementation of WTO rules. There are also inconsistencies between the agreed Doha Text and the subsequent proposals made by developed countries during the process of negotiations. This article concentrates on the issues related to NAMA (non-agricultural market access) as an example. NAMA (Download the full text in PDF format)

Free Trade or Fair Trade? How conducive is the present international trade system to development? Mehdi Shafaeddin

Focusing on frictions between developing countries and industrial economies in the area of trade in manufactured goods, this paper argues that the deadlock in negotiations during the recent WTO meetings is related to a number of fallacies and contradictions surrounding both the theories and practices of universal trade liberalization and infant industry protection. Given that these fallacies have resulted in contradictions in the design and implementation of WTO rules to the detriment of the interests of developing countries, it is argued that there is a need to design a new trade policy for developing countries as well as to revise…